The 9AdarProject aims to cultivate a year-round culture of constructive conflict across personal, political, religious and other boundaries. The 9th of the Hebrew month of Adar marks the day when, two thousand years ago, healthy differences became destructive “for heaven`s sake” and serves as a powerful reminder of what can happen if these values and abilities are neglected. The quarrel between Hillel and Shammai: in their debates, one of them would make a decision and the other would argue against it, out of a desire to discover the truth, not out of openness or a desire to impose himself on his neighbor. An argument that was not because of heaven was that of Korach and his society, because they came to undermine Our Lord, let him rest in peace, and his position, out of jealousy, out of struggle, and for victory.2 It is the opposite, if the argument is for the truth. If I win, I win. But if I lose, I win too – because being defeated by the truth is the only form of defeat that is also a victory. Our sages taught us in Pirkei Avot (chapter 5, Mischna 17): “Any divergence that is for heaven`s sake will eventually endure, and every disagreement that is not for heaven will ultimately not have existed. An example of a disagreement that is for heaven`s sake is that of Hillel and Shammai; An example of disagreement that is not for heaven`s sake is that of Korach and his followers. What is an argument for the love of heaven? The dispute between Hillel and Shammai. What is an argument that is not for heaven`s sake? The argument of Korach and his society.1 All of this applies to disagreements between the corypheae and the leading Torah scholars of the generation.
However, the differences between Torah scholars and those who attempt to destroy and uproot the Jewish religion by creating quarrels and confusions among the Jewish nation are certainly not contained in the aforementioned types of disagreement and are in fact seen as a strengthening of the religion, as our leaders sometimes have to tell us who we should pay attention to and who to keep away from. “What is the example of a Machaloket who is for heaven`s sake? The Machaloket between Hillel and Shammai. And what is not for heaven`s sake? The Machaloket between Korach and all his entourage. It is easy to understand that if any kind of Machaloket were considered “The Shem Shamayim”, it would be between Hillel (and the students of his Yeshiva) and Shammai (and his students). After all, these two sages agreed in 99.9% of halacha (an “estimated”. The purpose of their machalocot was quite selfless, as they wanted to clarify/refine the law, so that more Jews would have a better opportunity to observe the mitzvot in the most correct way. There was no ego involved. No one sought personal recognition, honor, or power.