We had a brilliant example of the strength of the character of the late First Lord of the Admiralty two days ago. He showed that the firmness of the character, which is totally immobile by the currents of opinion, as fast and violent as they may be. Friend of the Member for South-West Hull (Mr Law), whom Parliament listened to on Monday, was quite right to remind us that the Prime Minister, throughout his behaviour in these matters, was very indifferent to the cheers or boos and changes in criticism or applause. If this is the case, such qualities and the state of mind should allow the strictest statements of honest opinions to be exchanged in this House without breaking personal relations and for all points of view to be given the greatest possible expression. Chamberlain`s return was not well received. On the same day, 15,000 people protested against the Munich Accords on Trafalgar Square, three times more than at 10 Downing Street. Due to Chamberlain`s continued manipulation of the BBC, this news was largely repressed.  Labour spokesman Hugh Dalton publicly stated that the paper Chamberlain had turned on was “torn apart by my struggle.”  The incredulous Chamberlain, Isaac Asimov, published “Trends” in July 1939, which spoke of a world war in 1940. He later wrote, “I was too conservative” (about when the war was about to start).  Duff Cooper, another Conservative MP, resigned from the cabinet after the signing of the Munich Agreement.
Before Chamberlain`s first parliamentary speech after the Munich signing, Cooper said Britain had “lost the courage to see things as they are.” He said in another part of his resignation speech that Britain “was closer to a war with Germany, day after day, and we said until the last moment, then in all uncertainty, that we were ready to fight.”  We are invited to vote in favour of this amendment which has been tabled in the document and it is certainly a very uncontested amendment, as is the amendment tabled by the opposition. For my part, I am not in a position to agree with the measures taken and, since the Chancellor of the Exchequer has put his side so forcefully, I will try to approach the matter from a different angle, if I may. I have always believed that peacekeeping depends on the accumulation of deterrents against the aggressor, with a sincere effort to remedy the situation. Mr. Hitler`s victory was, like so many famous fights that determined the fate of the world, the closest. Churchill was one of the greatest proponents of British rearmament. In A Total and Unmitigated Defeat, Churchill stressed the need for rapid rearmament and the construction of national defence. For The British public, the idea of rearmament was dangerous because it believed it was at the origin of the arms race, secret diplomacy and military imperialism. For many, these are the actions of a country that had nothing to gain and lose by being involved in a war; Peace was the greatest national interest.  But after Churchill`s speech, British public opinion shifted to an accumulation of national defence facilities, including the Royal Air Force and the Royal Navy. In a debate in the House of Commons, Winston Churchill, then a member of Epping, contradicted the request of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Sir John Simon, to “reaffirm the policy of Her Majesty`s government which avoided war in the recent crisis.” For the Members of Parliament at the time, a vote in favour of John Simon`s motion would indicate the approval of the signing, on 30 September 1938, of the Munich Agreement by Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, which the Sudetenland ceded from Czechoslovakia to Germany, and more broadly the approval of Chamberlain`s appeasement strategy vis-à-vis Hitler.